Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) can lead to a large number of symptoms that can affect your everyday life. This condition cannot be cured entirely, however, it is possible for you to control various symptoms associated with this condition by taking proper rheumatism treatment.
Your doctor can prescribe a medication or other treatments based on the severity of the symptoms. The following are some of the rheumatism treatments that are advised by the doctors:
Different medications are used for controlling the symptoms of RA. They include:
NSAIDs: It is mainly used for rheumatic pain treatment and controlling inflammation. Some of the over-the-counter NSAIDs include naproxen sodium, ibuprofen, etc.
Side effects of these drugs include heart problems, stomach irritation, and kidney damage.
Steroids: Your doctor can prescribe corticosteroid medications like prednisone for reducing inflammation and pain. They might also help with slowing down the joint damage.
Side effects associated with these medications include thinning of bones, diabetes, weight gain, etc.
DMARDs (Disease-Modifying Drugs): They can be helpful for slowing down the progression of RA thereby protecting your joints from permanent damage. Usually prescribed DMARDs include leflunomide, methotrexate, sulfasalazine, and hydroxychloroquine.
Side effects created by these drugs can vary but they may include bone marrow suppression, liver damage, and severe lung infections.
Biologic Agents: They are a new category of DMARDs. Some of these medications include abatacept, infliximab, adalimumab, etanercept, tocilizumab, sarilumab, golimumab, certolizumab, tofacitinib, etc.
These drugs have the capability to control certain parts of the immune system that are responsible for creating inflammation. Hence, they can be useful for protecting your joints and tissues from damage. But they can result in some side effects too. These drugs might increase the risk of infections and may lead to blood clots in the lungs.
Physical therapy can aid to improve the flexibility of your joints thereby improving your condition. A physical therapist can teach you the right exercises that can be useful for you. If you have severe pain or joint damage, it is important to consult an experienced therapist before engaging in exercises. Otherwise, it might make your condition worse.
If the medications are not effective in controlling your symptoms, then your doctor might suggest surgery for repairing damaged joints. This might help with restoring the mobility of your affected joints.
Some of the common surgeries used for controlling RA include synovectomy, joint fusion, tendon repair, and total joint replacement.
If you are suffering from rheumatoid arthritis, then your doctor might suggest one or more treatments listed above. Hence, it is important to seek the help of a doctor to determine which rheumatism treatment is suitable for you.