Different Types Of Rheumatic Diseases

Advanced Rheumatology
Advanced Rheumatology
Rheumatism Causes
Rheumatism Causes

Rheumatic diseases are autoimmune and inflammatory conditions that affect different parts of your body. More than 7 million people in the United States are suffering from different types of rheumatic diseases. Mainly, rheumatic diseases affect your muscles, joints, ligaments, tendons, and bones.

Rheumatism Causes

The exact cause of rheumatic diseases is still unknown. Many scientists believe that these are caused by environmental factors. Most of these diseases occur when the immune system attacks our own cells. Experts believe that genes also have a role to play.

Types Of Rheumatic Diseases

Rheumatoid Arthritis

It is an autoimmune disease that affects the joints. Pain, inflammation, and stiffness in joints are common symptoms of the condition. Rheumatoid arthritis can lead to the degeneration of our joints.


This condition occurs due to the excess production of collagen and its accumulation in the body. This will lead to the hardening of the skin and connective tissues, which may cause restricted movement.


It is a chronic autoimmune disease that causes inflammation throughout the body. The inflammation will lead to pain and sometimes damage the internal organs.

Ankylosing Spondylitis

It is a form of inflammatory arthritis that mainly affects the spine and causes stiffness and bony proliferation, which can lead to immobility. In severe cases, Ankylosing Spondylitis causes the formation of new bone in the spine.

Sjogren’s Syndrome

It is an autoimmune disease that affects the salivary and lacrimal glands. Since it affects the lacrimal and salivary glands, it decreases the production of saliva and tears, leading to dry mouth and dry eyes. It also affects other parts of the body, including the skin and joints.


This condition occurs when the uric acid crystals get accumulated in our skin and joint. Joint pain, swelling, and redness are common symptoms of gout. The condition can be resolved within a week if treated properly.

Infectious Arthritis

This type of arthritis is caused by viral, fungal, or bacterial infections. The immune system will fight the infection when it spreads to the joints and results in inflammation. It mainly occurs in the hip, shoulder, or knee.

Psoriatic Arthritis

This condition occurs in people suffering from psoriasis. The exact cause of psoriatic arthritis is unknown. Common signs of psoriatic arthritis are swollen fingers, separation of nails from the nail bed, lower back pain, etc.

Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

This condition affects children and is caused due to the attack of the immune system on the joints and the surrounding tissue. Severe cases of juvenile idiopathic arthritis may lead to joint damage, anemia, stunted growth, etc.