Palindromic rheumatism is a rare type of inflammatory arthritis that causes swelling, inflammation, and pain of the affected joint. What differentiates it from other forms of arthritis is that it causes periodic flare-ups, and hence does not leave lasting damages to the joints. It is categorized under rheumatology diseases because it is caused due to autoimmunity like rheumatoid arthritis. In this article, we will look at the symptoms and diagnosis of palindromic rheumatism.
What Is Palindromic Rheumatism?
Palindromic rheumatism is arthritis caused due to autoimmunity. Its symptoms, i.e. pain and flare ups come and go periodically leaving no permanent damage to the affected joints. Also, they can develop in different joints, and this happens suddenly. It affects men and women of any age; in most cases, this ranges between 20 and 50 years old.
This arthritis is referred to as palindromic rheumatism because the rheumatic attacks usually begin and end with mild symptoms, while they are most severe in the middle of the attack. Moreover, about 50% of the people suffering from this condition eventually develop rheumatology arthritis because both are caused due to autoimmunity.
What Is The Difference Between Palindromic Rheumatism And Arthritis?
Even though palindromic rheumatism and rheumatoid arthritis are autoimmune disorders, their effect on the body is different. In RA and other forms of arthritis, the affected joints wear down over time; this causes pain, inflammation, and stiffness. The symptoms of palindromic rheumatism are like that of RA, but there is no lasting damage to the joints. This is because in between the attacks, the affected joints return to normal.
What Are The Symptoms Of Palindromic Rheumatism?
Listed below are the main symptoms of palindromic rheumatism:
- Redness and swelling in the affected joint.
- Soreness and swelling in the tendons and other tissues surrounding the affected joint.
- Stiffness of the affected joint.
- Limited mobility.
- Low-grade fever
The symptoms of palindromic rheumatism can last for several hours or days. Also, the frequency of attacks varies; some will experience it daily, while others experience it a few times a year. Furthermore, there can be a change in the frequency of attacks over time.
How Is Palindromic Rheumatism Diagnosed?
The diagnosis of palindromic rheumatism can be difficult because it is a rare form of arthritis. Usually, doctors conduct multiple tests to rule out that the symptoms are due to more common forms of arthritis. Also, remember that no specific or single test will help you to confirm this condition.
These are some of the important points that you must know about the symptoms and diagnosis of palindromic rheumatism, and we hope that the details shared above were useful for you.