Common Bone Diseases To Look Out For

Rheumatology Arthritis
Rheumatology Arthritis
Rheumatology Arthritis
Rheumatology Arthritis

Bones are the structural framework of the human body. Like all the other body parts, bones are also in a constant cycle of renewal. The condition of our bone is measured by its density. When we are at the age of 25-30, our bone density will be at the peak.

When we move towards the middle ages, we start to lose our bone density automatically. At this stage, we are at great risk of developing numerous bone diseases that can cause the degeneration of our bones.

Here is the list of some of the common diseases that will affect your bones.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

It is a chronic autoimmune disease that will affect the joints in our body and lead to pain and inflammation. This disease usually occurs when the immune system of the body attacks the tissues in joints in our hand and feet mistakenly. The most common symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis are stiffness, swelling and joint pain. Exact rheumatism causes not known till today. However, it is believed that sex, trauma, genetics, bacterial infections, etc. can trigger this condition. Rheumatoid arthritis is usually treated using NSAIDs, acetaminophen, and corticosteroids.

Osteoporosis

This is a bone condition where your bones become brittle and weak and prone to fracture easily. As per the statistics, osteoporosis is a disease that affects around 44 million adults in the United States. Weak and brittle nails and receding gums are the two common symptoms of osteoporosis. Most often osteoporosis is caused due to a medical condition called hyperthyroidism.

Osteoarthritis

Studies show that every year osteoarthritis affects more than 3 million people in the United States. This chronic degenerative bone condition causes the cartilage to break down and the bones will start to rub together and lead to pain, swelling, stiffness, inflammation, etc. The main aim of osteoarthritis treatment is managing the symptoms. OTC medications, lifestyle changes, home remedies, etc. are often recommended to manage the symptoms of osteoarthritis.

Gout

Gout results from an excess buildup of uric acid. Most often this condition affects the joints of your feet. Intense pain and swelling in the joints of the foot are the common symptoms of gout. Excess build-up of uric acid in your body can be caused by certain conditions like blood and metabolism disorders. NSAIDs, colchicine, corticosteroids, probenecid, etc. are some of the drugs used to treat gout.

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